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One of the characteristics of being a living thing I remember from my Biology classes is MRNIGERD, where E stands for excretion.

We take in water and other fluids as well as the added water content of other foods and therefore we must excrete it.

The kidneys (there are two of them in human beings) are the very important organs saddled with this responsibility, and in conjunction with the ureters, bladder and urethra; form the Urinary system.

An infection can occur at any point along this system and when untreated can have really dire consequences.

A urinary tract infection is commoner among women than men because of the short urethra of 3-4cm in women compared to men where it can be up to 25cm. This makes it easier for contaminants to ascend upwards into the bladder, ureters and kidneys.
When there are infections in other parts of the body too, such as with a chest infection. There can be spread to the urinary system also.

The common symptoms are fever, malaise, nausea, vomiting, frequency of urination, urgency to urinate, a burning sensation when passing urine, blood stained urine, malodorous urine and loin pain. 

These complaints will lead your doctor to take a history from you in other to ascertain how you acquired this infection. An examination helps the doctor to elicit the likely organs involved. Of course, a urine test is germane to arriving at the diagnosis.

The urine sample collection technique is described as a clean catch of a mid-stream urine sample; and is preceded by washing the private area with just clean water, not soap.   

A mid-stream urine sample i.e you start to pee then while peeing, you catch some by passing the sample collection bottle through the urine stream without touching any part of your private area, then you can complete your urination.

With the information garnered from the consultation, examination and investigation, the appropriate medication will be prescribed, and you should be well on your way back to good health and wellbeing.
I will like to end on this note, drinking at least 3 litres of fluids per day keeps your kidneys well supplied with adequate volumes to be excreted as urine.

Drink water, your kidneys will love you for it!

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