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Premature ovarian failure now re-named Premature ovarian insufficiency (POI)  is a condition that is diagnosed when a woman ceases to menstruate before the age of forty (40) years and attains menopause before forty-five (45) years.

There are a myriad of reasons why a woman experiences this and they include:

Idiopathic i.e no known reason. It just happens that way naturally for some women.

Genetic causes- some women may have in-born errors of their chromosomes (genetic material) that predisposes them to loss of their ovaries’ functions much earlier than usual e.g Turner’s syndrome.

Other known reasons for a decline in ovarian function earlier than expected are: exposure to chemotherapy and radiotherapy as part of treatment for cancers.

Parents and affected young women are hereby encouraged to open up the discussion about fertility during consultation with an oncologist before cancer treatment starts. In most carefully selected cases, the short period of time (4-6 weeks) to stimulate and cryopreserve oocytes will not adversely affect the prognosis of the cancer.

Albeit for women who already are experiencing POI, can make use of donor oocytes to achieve their dreams of having their own family.