1. A couple is regarded as infertile when they have not conceived after 12 months of regular unprotected sexual intercourse
  2. About 15 to 20% of couples of reproductive age have fertility problems.
  3. Infertility is not just a female problem. In about 30% of infertile couples the problem lies with the man, and in about 30% the problem lies with the woman, and for another 30% it is a joint problem, but with the remaining 10% the cause is unknown which is called “idiopathic”.
  4. The causes of infertility are many and varied.
  5. The causes of infertility include problems with the reproduction of sperm or eggs.
  6. The causes of infertility include problems with the fallopian tubes or the uterus.
  7. The causes of infertility include problems with the endometriosis.
  8. The causes of infertility include problems with frequent miscarriages.
  9. The causes of infertility include problems with hormonal imbalance in both men and women.
  10. The causes of infertility include problems with autoimmune (antibody) disorders in both men and women.
  11. Treatments for infertility are many and varied.
  12. Treatments include surgery on the Fallopian tubes to fix blockages.
  13. Treatments for infertility include hormone treatments for men and women
  14. Treatments for infertility include insemination of the woman with donor sperm or sometimes her partner’s sperm, which is called Medically Assisted Conception.
  15. Treatments for infertility include IVF/ICSI and related treatments referred to as Assisted Reproductive Technology.
  16. Some couples will opt to create a family by surrogate method referred to as Alternative Reproductive Resources Technology.
  17. Some people try natural treatments, such as herbs, acupuncture and medication for treating their infertility.
  18. Some couples will opt to create a family by adoption; others choose to remain without children.
  19. “Just relaxing” or taking a holiday does not cure “infertility”.
  20. “Unexplained” infertility is just that. It means that we’re not yet able to find the cause.
  21. There is some evidence to suggest that stress causes infertility and there is plenty of evidence, however, that infertility causes stress.
  22. When both couples address the problem, jointly seek medical advice together the results are usually better than when it is faced by the wife alone.
  23. Three out of five couples generally conceive within six months of trying for a baby.
  24. One in four couples take between six months and a year before they can conceive.
  25. For the remaining number of couples, conception takes more than a year, which means that there may be a problem.